Dating clay pipes, try it yourself
These long pipes continued in use right through into the twentieth dating clay pipes, but in decreasing numbers as a plethora of new shapes and styles came into fashion from around Heather Hembrey, University of Maryland. Stem bores can, however, be used woman attacked online dating distributional datings clay pipes or as bar graphs to show changing site use over time. A spur is the term used for a projection underneath the bowl that is usually longer than it is broad.
A fine sandy fabric was used in the Oxford area and pipes from areas with access to the Coal Measures often employed clays with opaque white gritty inclusions in them. Artifacts as time markers Pipe stem dating The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. They were also subject to marked regional variation prior to the nineteenth century, so the shape can also be used to identify which part of the country a pipe comes from.
Highlighted Case Study The London typology is still one of the most useful because of the dating clay pipes, accurately drawn forms and the widespread influence of London styles. Match the most frequently occurring diameter with Harrington's bore diameter chart above. The stems were normally thinner than previously and varied in length, with nipple type mouthpieces being used on some types after about This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore.
It can be used for many areas of the country, in conjunction with more local typologies, where these exist. Long stems were sometimes rather oval in cross section and could be curved.
1790-1820 style Napoleonic Period
The most common method is to use the butt ends of a set of Imperial drill bits, although a finely gradated ruler or other measuring devices can also be used. The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America.
Early pipes dating from before the English Civil War of the s tend to follow London fashions but the disruption of the war appears to have allowed regional forms to develop.
As a result, they are generally rather cylindrical in appearance with less evidence of any stem taper. Look at the number of stems you recovered and determine which bore diameter is represented by the most pipe stems.
Clay Pipes c.1600-1720
The bowl walls became correspondingly thinner and the use of rim dating clay pipes stopped around in the south, but lingered on until around in the midlands and north; its use appears to have been associated with specific bowl styles and it was phased out as new styles emerged. Retaining this unit of measurement ensures that any new data is comparable with previously published material.
The site was occupied less intensively before and after its heaviest occupation period. During the seventeenth century both types generally had rather squat barrel-shaped forms and they almost always have a band of milling at the rim.
Try it yourself Pipe stem dating You have recovered sixty-three pipe stem fragments from Verysignificantsite. The fractions of an inch are always given in 64ths, and not rationalised to larger alternative units e.
Moulded marks or pattern numbers on the sides of the stem were introduced around the middle of the nineteenth century and became the most widespread and common form of marking thereafter.
It typically tapers to a pointed or rounded base, although later varieties sometimes have the end trimmed off.