Dating historic wallpaper Wallpapers in the Historic Interior

Dating historic wallpaper

Even where stripped, there is often enough residual evidence to identify, understand and re-create an dating historic wallpaper scheme. By and large, they emphasize the importance of a meticulous search for evidence, a thorough analysis to determine material composition, and a comparative reference to what is known of wallpaper manufacturing processes and, when possible, pattern styles.

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The pattern often helps date the sample and can suggest pattern features no longer visible. This area of study is the domain of wallpaper historians, and the analyst must rely on their research as well as other documentary materials such as photographs, genre paintings, household inventories, or correspondence.

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Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities. Keep up with the story here.

The book of wallpaper: By covering the points suggested in the five-step investigation and evaluation process, experienced conservators and preservationists can confidently recommend and undertake plans for interpretation of different periods at historic sites. This is only appropriate if the dating historic wallpaper is in sound condition and well attached to the wall. When the style is identified, it can be compared to available information on the popular use of designs in study collections or references like Lynnwhich include a host of distinct categories of styles of French, English, German, Chinese, and American wallpapers from the mids through the early 20th century.

This patterned, bright bluish green wallpaper was then glued to the dating historic wallpaper.

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To encourage the production of domestic wallpapers, state and federal officials passed protective tariff legislation that strengthened the fledgling American wallpaper industry, allowing it to secure a foothold in an increasingly competitive marketplace. For a wall covering such as plain painted canvas, a color match of the fabric itself may not be essential; however, the original sample can be analyzed for material composition and thread count. Magazine Antiques 1: Publication of that research is a valuable component of materials analysis.

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Mid-twentieth century consumers had a wide variety of wallpaper patterns and styles from which to choose: This approach also works after conservation, where fire or flood has caused significant loss. Some 18th-and earlyth-century European and American papers were hand-painted or stenciled, but the majority were block-printed. The entry on chrome yellow in Gettens and Stoutoriginally published inone of the most widely used references for pigment information, states that the pigment was known in but was not in commercial production until Rise of American Manufacturing, Increasing Imports The years following the American Revolution were a fertile period of enterprise for Americans who began to manufacture goods formerly produced and supplied by England.

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Events in Rhode Island. This type of wallpaper was most often used in parlors.

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Inhe launched his first business, Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Co. These had high tinting strength when first applied, but faded rapidly when exposed to bright light; consequently few of these papers appear now as they were originally intended.


Downing in America favored the Gothic Revival style for architecture but he deplored the use of artificial, uniform shading to indicate three-dimensional modeling of niches, pointed arches, quatrefoils, and tracery in wallpaper designs. Nantucket, a summer program in historic preservation sponsored by the University of Florida at Gainesville. The presence of a glue size does not necessarily confirm the use of wallpaper but can suggest its dating historic wallpaper. This floral pattern wallpaper from the Hale House is on a painted section of wood that was originally part of a board partition.

In 18th-century buildings, the particular paint color used on the wood trim might also suggest the use of wallpaper but is not in itself conclusive evidence of paper use. Documentary study of historic wallpapers has also enhanced our understanding of their use.

Introduced in by United Wallpaper, vinyl wallcoverings would become a leading product of the wallpaper industry by the mids and account for nearly fifty percent of all wallpaper sales.


Birge and Company in Buffalo, New York. This process was followed at Oldfields in Indianapolis, where s wall and ceiling canvas had been removed during later renovations of certain rooms. At Davenport House, microscopical analysis of the pigments used to make the light green finish on the first-floor Hall walls identified white lead, calcium carbonate, barytes, and chrome green, which was not commercially available until after